Few Shorthand Systems Exist before Pitman arrives (1852)

At Trials, Attorneys Made Own Notes,

and Judge’s Notes were the “Official” Record

Growth Timeline 1.2

Reporting First Permitted in Court (Albany, NY)

Importance of Verbatim Reporting spotlighted by:

Lincoln Assassination Trial (1865)

Ku Klux Klan Trial (1866)

President Andrew Johnson Impeachment Hearing (1867)

Growth Timeline 2

Both Houses of Congress Hire Reporters of Debates

Congressional Record created by

Thomas Lloyd (First Congressional Reporter)

Growth Timeline 3

Pitman and Gregg now in America

12,000 US Students Learning Shorthand

US Stenotype Machines Invented

Growth Timeline 4

500 Schools Teaching Gregg Shorthand

200 Verbatim Reporters in the US  

Stenotype Reporting Begins

“Judicial” Reporting Grows ~ Opportunities Increase

Growth Timeline 8

Verbatim Reporting Becomes Court Standard

Demand for Daily-Copy Trial Transcripts Increases

Growth Timeline 6

“Acceptance” of Machine Shorthand Results from

Hourly Transcripts Produced in Lindbergh Trial

Growth Timeline 7

15 Million Shorthand Writers in US (by 1948)

Women “Permitted” in Court (New York, c. 1948)

Veterans Flood Reporting Schools

Congress creates position of Court Reporter in federal court

Growth Timeline 5

Verbatim Reporting Growth Gains Momentum

Depositions Increase ~Freelance Reporters in Demand

Increased Demand for Reporters in Courts 

Growth Timeline 9

Enormous Reporting Growth ~ Digital Technology Arrives

1960s – Computerized Transcription (CAT) Begins

1970s – CAT Takes Hold – Realtime Begins

1980s – CAT is Transcription Standard 

Realtime Gains  Ground ~ Captioning Begins

Growth Timeline 10

“Judicial” Reporting Growth Slows

Captioning Flourishes ~ CART used in Classrooms

Realtime Reporting Becoming New Standard

New Careers Defined ~ CART Captioners in Demand

Growth Timeline 11

Shortage of Court Reporters in US Projected:

Demand For Court Reporters Will Exceed Supply Within Five Years

“Increased legal activity and new opportunities will drive demand despite the steady transition of some courts to digital recording. Decreased enrollment and graduation rates for court reporters, combined with significant retirement rates, will create by 2018 a critical shortfall projected to represent nearly 5,500 court reporting positions.

“The Opportunity For New Stenographic Court Reporters Is Substantial Over The Next Five Years And Beyond

“The established, coming shortage of stenographic court reporters presents a one-time, substantial opportunity for those seeking a lucrative career with a secure future. Already, court reporting schools are quickly able to connect their graduates with jobs, a trend that will strengthen as the shortage takes hold over the coming years.

2013-2014 Court Reporting Industry Outlook Report, by Ducker Worldwide

scales empty courtroom